Category: Linux

Lightlocker does not play well with NVida (or something)

If you have an Ubuntu system with an NVida video card, and after suspending and resuming you get a login screen, but after you log in you get a black screen, and using ctrl + alt + F1 gets you a text console, your problem is probably lightlocker. I’ve seen some sites claim that the problem is fixable with sudo apt-get remove --purge nvidia-* which would be great if you didn’t want video drivers or CUDA. I’d rather hang onto my video drivers, so sudo apt-get remove light-locker makes everything better.

ROS and OpenCV will fite u, m8

I recently wanted to do some computer vision stuff using OpenFace, which is a collection of face-processing computer vision algorithms and tools to use them. It uses OpenCV 3.0.something, which uses, among other things, vtk6, and friends libvtk6-dev and python-vtk6.

Normally, this wouldn’t be a problem, but I use ROS Indigo, as does the lab I work in. ROS Indigo uses some previous version of vtk, and so attempting to install OpenCV 3.0 blows away my ROS install, and makes apt freak out when I try to install it again. The actual error was something like “you have broken held packages”, only I didn’t actually have held packages OR broken packages.

Apt just gives up at this point. Aptitude, on the other hand, proposes removing the offending VTK packages and proceeding with the ROS install. Only time will tell if I’ve trashed my OpenCV install, but if I have, I can just go back to an older OpenCV version.

Download ALL The Music

Given a file containing a list of songs, one per line, in the format “Artist – Song Title”, download the audio of the first youtube video link on a Google search for that song. This is quite useful if you want to the MP3 for every song you ever gave a thumbs up on Pandora. On my computer, this averages about 4 songs a minute.

The Requests API and BeautifulSoup make writing screenscrapers and automating the web really clean and easy.


# Takes a list of titles of songs, in the format "artist - song" and searches for each
# song on google. The first youtube link is passed off to youtube-dl to download it and 
# get the MP3 out. This doesn't have any throttling because (in theory) the conversion step
# takes enough time to provide throttling. 

import requests
import re
from BeautifulSoup import BeautifulSoup
from subprocess import call

def queryConverter(videoURL):
	call(["youtube-dl", "--extract-audio",  "--audio-format", "mp3", videoURL])

def queryGoogle(songTitle):
	reqPreamble = ""
	reqData = {'q':songTitle}
	r = requests.get(reqPreamble, params=reqData)
	if r.status_code != 200:
		print "Failed to issue request to {0}".format(r.url)
		bs = BeautifulSoup(r.text)
		tubelinks = bs.findAll("a", attrs={'href':re.compile("watch")})
		if len(tubelinks) > 0:
			vidUrl ="https[^&]*", tubelinks[0]['href'])
			vidUrl = requests.utils.unquote(
			return vidUrl
			print "No video for {0}".format(songTitle)

if __name__=="__main__":
	with open("./all_pandora_likes", 'r') as inFile:
		for line in inFile:
			videoURL = queryGoogle(line)
			if videoURL is not None:

KiCad is Still a Shitshow

Six months ago, I designed a schematic and circuit board in KiCad. Yesterday, I tried to open it and got a list of errors so long that it didn’t fit on my screen from top to bottom. The reason is that KiCad loads the footprints of the parts you use from Github, so when (not if) the KiCad devs change how they store footprints, your install of KiCad breaks. In other words, installing KiCad gives the KiCad devs permission to break your workflow for no reason.

I fixed my KiCad package list by writing a little python script that goes through the KiCad github repo and generates a new footprint list based on however they happen to be organized and whatever they happen to be called today. Copy that over my previously working footprint list, and the error message went away.

However, since the last time I used it, my install of KiCad has stopped rendering in CVPCB. No error message or anything, just doesn’t render the copper layers, parts, etc. I got part of the ratsnest, and that’s it.

Clearly, the thing to do is to install the newest version of KiCad from the developer’s PPA.

Nope, that returns a 404.

Clearly, the thing to do is to install using the script the devs wrote to install and build KiCad.

Nope, the script fails because they use a version of WXWidgets that like no one else on earth uses.

So let’s recap: No method of installing KiCad works, and just LEAVING YOUR WORKING INSTALL ALONE is not sufficient to ensure that it continues to work.

Since I’m designing a small PCB, CadSoft’s Eagle is looking more and more tempting. Limited PCB sizes aren’t a problem if you’re making something small.

Un-Ubuntuing Ubuntu Redux

Ubuntu ships with the “main” and “universe” repos enabled, and the “multiverse” repo disabled. This is because there are legal or ideological reasons to not use the software in multiverse.

However, there are practical reasons to use the rar/unrar packages from multiverse over the unrar-free package in universe: unrar-free frequently doesn’t work, but unrar-nonfree does.

If you want your compression and decompression software to operate, rather than be ideologically compliant:

sudo apt-add-repository multiverse
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install unrar rar

Playatech started charging for their plans

Unfortunately for burners, you can no longer download Playatech’s plans for their furniture without paying them first. They used to offer the plans as free downloads, and then asked that you donate some small amount if you used them.

Unfortunately for Playatech, they left all the PDFs in a world-readable directory. The command line below gets the index of that directory, finds all the lines with “pdf” in them, gets the file names out using cut, and then downloads each file.

for file in `wget -qO- | grep pdf | cut -d ‘>’ -f 2 | cut -d ‘”‘ -f 2`; do wget$file; done

Flickr Downloadr that really works

Not my work. Get it here.

It does exactly what it says on the tin. This is letting me close a years-old open loop I had, which is that Flickr had a lot of my photos, but sucked so bad that I didn’t want to reward them with money in order to get my photos back.

As soon as the download is done, that Flickr account is toast.

Un-Ubuntuing Ubuntu, Again

Ubuntu makes no secret of the fact that they will choose something that looks good but doesn’t work over something that works. That’s pretty much the entire point of this blog post. Because xscreensaver uses an older X widget kit than light-locker, and so looks “antiquated”, they switched to light-locker for 14.04. Light-locker doesn’t atually work well, and causes many, many, many laptops to not return from suspend mode without a hard reset.

If you’d rather use software that works, you have to change some settings and remove a bunch of stuff. I removed light-locker, light-locker-settings, and gnome-screensaver. I also installed xscreensaver.

In order to lock on lid close, I started xfce4-settings-editor, selected xfce4-power-manager, and set/checked both lock-screen-suspend-hibernate and logind-handle-lid-swtich.

I currently get two login prompts when I unsuspend, one from xscreensaver and one from something else. I suspect the second one is logind, so I can get rid of the xscreensaver one by making xscreensaver not do screen locking.

Well THAT'S messy

for file in ../connections_2014-10-7-1*; do conn="-c ../connections_"`echo $file | cut -d "_" -f 2`; types="-t ../neuron_types_"`echo $file | cut -d "_" -f 2`; locs="-l ../locations_"`echo $file | cut -d "_" -f 2`; ./ $conn $types $locs; done

For all the connection files that were generated today, create three variables called “conn”, “types”, and “locs” that have a command line switch path in them generated from a fixed prefix and a cut from the connection file name. Then invoke the script “” with those variables as arguments.

Effectively, the connection, neuron type, and location files are all related by their date, so this makes a single JSON file out of the multiple files. I just didn’t want to run a bunch of times by hand, as that seemed error-prone.

I waste time to not waste time

I’m using a web server on my local machine plus an edited /etc/hosts file to serve up a page that reminds me to get back to work when I should be getting back to work, rather than, say, reading facebook. Yes, I can get around this by clearing my hosts file, but that makes it work to get to the blocked sites, and if I’m going to be doing work, it’s not time-wasting is it?

The hosts file looks like this:

ams@robot-lab7:~/weblock$ cat /etc/hosts localhost.localdomain localhost
#I elided a couple of lines here

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts

That takes care of redirecting a lot of pages to localhost, rather than their real IP addresses. On my computer, I have a little web server, which is launched with the command
sudo webfsd -p 80 -f index.htm -u ams -r /home/ams/weblock/

Webfs, and it’s daemon part webfsd, is a static-file-only http server. In this invocation, it runs as my user after binding to port 80 as root, and serves the file index.htm out of the directory /home/ams/weblock. That file is a very simple HTML file:

<div style=”display: table; height: 100%; width: 100%; background: #fff; _position: relative; overflow: hidden;”>
<div style=”_position: absolute; _top: 50%; display: table-cell; vertical-align: middle; text-align: center;”>
<h1>What should you be doing?</h1>

It just shows the text “What should you be doing?” in the middle of the page. This is also interesting because it shows how to center HTML content in the middle of the page, at least for small content. I’m not sure how well this works with larger or more complex content.